In 1431, Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen, France, at age 19. She had been convicted of sorcery.
In 1783, the Pennsylvania Evening Post became the first daily newspaper published in the United States.
In 1806, future U.S. President Andrew Jackson took part in a duel, killing Charles Dickinson, a Kentucky lawyer who had called Jackson's wife a bigamist.
In 1868, the first major Memorial Day observance was held to honor those killed during the Civil War. It was originally known to some as Decoration Day.
In 1911, Ray Harroun won the first Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 74.6 miles an hour.
In 1922, the Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington.
In 1937, a battle between police and strikers at the Republic Steel Corp. plant in Chicago killed 10 people and wounded 90.
In 1943, the Aleutian Islands of Kiska and Attu off the Alaskan coast were retaken by U.S. forces after being occupied by Japanese troops during World War II.
In 1972, the unmanned U.S. space probe Mariner 9 was launched on a mission to gather scientific data on Mars, ultimately sending back valuable information and becoming the first spacecraft to orbit a planet other than the Earth.
In 1972, three Japanese terrorists used automatic weapons to kill 24 people at the airport in Tel Aviv, Israel.